Travel Tips: Why You Should Be Tested For Coccidioidomycosis
Travel is the movement of individuals between far-off geographical locations. Travel can be to close to home or far away, with or without gear, by car, bike, plane, train, bus, boat or any other mode, and is one way or another. From ancient to modern, from medieval to kitsch, traveling is a necessary component for life. The simplest form of travel is walking, though this is rapidly becoming obsolete in some parts of the world, especially if you want a really exciting holiday experience. One can choose a country, state, village or town where to go, but if you’re really adventurous, try planning a four-day trek!
There are a variety of methods for traveling across boundaries, starting from sea, land and air. In the European Union travel is mainly represented by air. The most popular form of European travel is, surprisingly, traveling by air. This is mostly due to the vast distances between countries and because most rail networks are connected to air transport. Travelling by land is fairly easy in the United States of America; all major cities have a wide system of highways, which connect them to the rest of the country or vice versa.
Eastern traveling is the most popular means of traveling for the average American. The most popular means of Eastern travel by road is the Great Northern Railway (GNR), the greatest creation of the US Postal Service (USPS). This railway network connects major cities such as Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Cleveland, using tracks through Minnesota, Wisconsin and Ohio. A negative test for American travel is a long drive through a high-country area. These areas are not in an urban area and are frequently mountainous with little tree cover and very few human or animal dwelling places. In most cases the roads are uncluttered and provide little in the way of night life.
Public Health is a term that describes the general safety issues associated with the various modes of transportation (air, land, sea and road) that contribute to the well being of the general public. Traveling that contributes to the spread of contagious disease requires special attention to sanitation, infection control, and public health. Travelers have a responsibility towards the general public to take precautions that reduce the possibility of exposure to communicable diseases. For example, travelers should not go to undeveloped or rural areas, or ride in mass conveyances while sick.
Travelers who get tested before travelling are at a reduced risk of getting infected with the common cold. Anyone traveling to countries of the Middle East are particularly prone to the common cold and the West Nile Virus. These diseases can be spread easily through coughing and touching. Anyone who has recently traveled to an area of the world that is known for outbreaks of these diseases should get tested immediately. Anyone travelling to places with a high incidence of these diseases is at a severe risk of contracting the virus. People should also consider vaccination to reduce the risk of catching this disease.
Travelers who use planes, trains or buses that connect two or more cities need to get tested before leaving the airport. Anyone who boards a plane that departs from an airport needs to get tested before travelling on that plane. For passengers who travel by train or bus into another city that is not within the country’s borders, they need to do so as well. Travellers who use cabs need to get tested as soon as they arrive in their destination city.
The World Health Organization (WHO) published a report concluding that a large number of travellers had significantly exposed themselves to unauthorised blood, drugs and infectious agents while travelling. WHO identified five countries that had weak public health systems and widespread lack of infection prevention and control. Travel advisories were issued by airlines, bus and train companies, ports of entry and hospitals.
The combination of poor hygiene and decreased surveillance led to the situations that had created the increased risk for contracting cholera and diarrhea. Travelers should be tested upon arrival at airports in order to prevent the introduction of cholera and other gastrointestinal infections. Travelers should also consider the possibility of contaminated swimming pools. It is recommended that all travelers should have a current routine Cholera and Hepatitis vaccination that will help prevent the introduction of deadly diseases while traveling.