Politics is the organized group of political actions which are concerned with making decisions on behalf of the whole society, including members of various groups, like the distribution of societal goods or status, or the allocation of public resources. Politics has sometimes been called the neglected science because it deals primarily with social issues. But in fact politics is an extremely important field of study. It affects all aspects of human action and society. There are many political parties in the world; some of them are liberal democratic, some radical democratic and some extreme right wing.
The field of politics has many branches, but politics most commonly includes constitutional politics, national politics, international politics, and local/municipal politics. The major part of political science is known as political psychology. This basically studies how people make decisions, how they react to incentives, what their hopes and dreams are and how they evaluate those hopes and dreams against the existing obstacles. Today there are many political science scholars who conduct long-term research on all these topics.
Politics plays an important role in organizing the society. For example, governmental institutions, like the government, school systems, the hospitals and even the executive and the managerial departments work and make decisions on the basis of politics. Organizational life is also affected by politics in many ways. For example, how executives decide on how to increase productivity, lower costs, make better sales, protect the environment, integrate technology in all areas of organizational life and make the work place more democratic have largely depended on politics.
Politics has an effect on many people’s daily lives. In fact, politics is so important that without it, human societies as a whole would not be able to survive. Therefore, politics has become an integral part of everyday life for people all over the world. Politicians play an important role in making people’s lives better through legislation and policies and they guide them through various processes of decision making.
Politics is a subject that concerns the societal interests of individuals. It is concerned with the relations among the individuals, the political systems that exist in different countries and various cultures and the public policies that affect the citizens of a country or the community at large. Politics has three broad aspects: the personal political system, the institutional, political systems and the political systems of other nations. A specific aspect of politics is deliberative politics. In this system, politics is a process whereby members of a community or a country determine the way their society should be organized or how they can improve it through public discussion.
Politics has many components. One is deliberative politics, which involves debates among citizens as to the way their societies should be organized. Another component is participative politics, which is concerned with the exercise of political authority by groups of citizens in institutions such as the parliament and the executive offices. Finally, there is popular politics, which is exercised by the governed through popular institutions such as parliaments and the parties that form part of a country’s politics.
Politics affects every citizen who lives in a country. There are many reasons why people engage in politics. For instance, they may feel that politics has the power to shape their lives since they will be directly involved in the policymaking process. Citizens may also be forced to take part in politics because of social or economic pressure. Politics can also be a source of employment. Many people work in the government or in politics, making them responsible for their own lives and those of their constituents.
Modern politicians are elected for specific purposes. Politicians can be elected from one of the two major parties that exist in a country. They are then put into an office where they serve for four years, or until they are eligible for another term in office. Elected politicians can be either the ruling party or the opposition party in politics.